A snow-white smile is everyone’s dream! Some people either have yellow teeth or their teeth do not look white because of the habits they consume frequently during the day. Even if the teeth are brushed regularly, yellowing of the teeth cannot be prevented most of the time. What should be done against this situation that deeply affects our self-confidence?
Although some teeth have internal discolouration due to congenital or subsequent antibiotics, the natural whiteness of our teeth is overshadowed by factors such as food and beverages (tea, coffee, fruit juice, wine) consumed daily or factors that cause external discolouration of the teeth as a result of smoking.
“Having Ideal Tooth Whiteness Is Actually Not Difficult”
It is actually not difficult to have ideal tooth whiteness. The discolouration of the teeth can be removed with the bleaching process and you can have whiter teeth. Teeth whitening is quite different from the polishing process performed after scaling. In the tooth whitening process, the tooth’s own colour tone can be lightened by 2-3 tones. Teeth whitening can be applied as office bleaching applied by the dentist in the office environment and home bleaching applied by the patient at home with gels containing lower bleaching agents thanks to a transparent plaque given to the patient with the measurements taken from the patient. In addition, there are products such as whitening toothpaste, mouthwash, which are not under the control of a physician and which we call over the counter, which patients can obtain from pharmacies. However, the effect of these products is very low compared to the whitening process under the control of a physician, it would be a better choice to use them with the advice of a physician after whitening under the control of a physician.
So What Is Teeth Whitening Process?
- Office Bleaching (Office Bleaching)
Office whitening is the most effective method among all whitening systems. Since the peroxide ratios of the bleaching agents used in the whitening process performed in the examination are higher, whitening is faster and its permanence is longer. Before the teeth whitening process is applied; In order to get a more effective result, the patient should be cleaned of tartar before whitening. Before and after the sessions, photographs are taken from the patient and the colour is determined. The number of sessions to be applied is usually 2 or 3 and varies according to the colouration of the tooth. Before the procedure, the gums are covered with a protective barrier because we do not want the gums to be damaged and then the whitening gel is applied to the teeth. The whitening gel is applied to the teeth in 2 or 3 periods of approximately 15 minutes. Between the sessions, the patient is asked to avoid colouring foods (tea, coffee, wine, etc.) and to minimise smoking. Sensitivity may be observed between whitening sessions, but these sensitivities are eliminated with desensitising toothpastes to be used.
- Home Bleaching
In the whitening system, which we call home type, a transparent plaque suitable for the patient is produced by determining the colour and taking an impression from the patient before the treatment. In the home-type teeth whitening process, whitening agents containing a lower percentage of “Carbamide Peroxide” are used. The prepared transparent plaque and tubes containing whitening agent are given to the patient and the physician explains how to apply it to the teeth. The patient applies the medication 2 times a day for 2 weeks or 1-2 weeks while sleeping only at night in accordance with the recommendations of the dentist. Weekly checks are made to monitor how the treatment is going and necessary changes are made. The dentist and the patient should decide together which method of whitening will be applied to the patient.
What is the Success Rate in Whitening?
Studies have shown that the satisfaction rate is quite high especially in tea, coffee, smoking and age-related discolourations. However, very good results cannot be obtained in discolourations called “fluorosis” due to drugs or excessive fluoride.
How Long Does Tooth Whitening Last?
Although it varies depending on the factors varying from person to person, the whiteness of the teeth continues between 3 months and 3-4 years. In individuals with high tea, coffee and cigarette use, the life of the whiteness gained is shorter, but in other individuals, the life of whiteness can be much longer. Repeating the whitening process every 6 months or once a year, if necessary, by providing regular checks every 6 months before the teeth return to their old colour, ensures that the whiteness lasts longer and is also advantageous in terms of shortening the duration of the second whitening and economically.